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Komunitní pneumonie

Komunitní pneumonie - Zdraví

Community Acquired Pneumonia - What You Need to Kno

  1. Komunitní pneumonie mají obvykle běžně se vyskytující původce. Za ty nozokomiální naproti tomu často zodpovídají vzácnější mikroorganismy, které mohou být odolné vůči antibiotikům. Pomnožením mikrobů v plicích se rozvíjí zánět. Přímo do sklípků nebo do tkáně mezi nimi pronikají buňky Vašeho imunitního.
  2. Pneumonia and your lungs Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia
  3. Diagnostika. a léčba komunitní pneumonie dospělých aktualizace 2019 Antibiotická terapie respiračních, močových a kožních infekcí v ordinaci všeobecného praktického lékař
  4. Pneumonie je nejzávažnější respirační onemocnění, kterému v ČR ročně podlehne více než 3 000 pacientů. Komunitní pneumonie jsou získány v běžném životním prostředí mimo nemocniční zařízení, jsou vyvolány známými infekčními původci většinou dob..
  5. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases and is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Typical bacterial pathogens that cause the condition include Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains), Haemophilus influenza (ampicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains..

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia (any of several lung diseases) contracted by a person outside of the healthcare system. In contrast, hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is seen in patients who have recently visited a hospital or who live in long-term care facilities What is community-acquired pneumonia? Pneumonia is a type of lung infection. It can cause breathing problems and other symptoms. In community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), you get infected in a community setting. It doesn't happen in a hospital, nursing home, or other healthcare center. Your lungs are part of your respiratory system PNEUMONIE V PRAXI VŠEOBECNÉHO LÉKAŘE A JEJÍ LÉČBA rium pro komunitní pneumonii arovněž tento parametr ovlivňuje výběr antibiotické terapie). Při fyzikálním vyšetření se zaměřujeme na poslech apoklep hrudníku. U pneumonie se setkáváme strubicovým, kopresivním či sklíp Common symptoms of pneumonia include: a cough - which may be dry, or produce thick yellow, green, brown or blood-stained mucus (phlegm) difficulty breathing - your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel breathless, even when restin

Zápal plic neboli pneumonie je zánětlivé onemocnění plic postihující zejména mikroskopické dutinky naplněné vzduchem, takzvané plicní sklípky. Obvykle je způsobeno infekcí bakteriemi nebo viry, méně často pak dalšími mikroorganismy, některými léky nebo jinými chorobami, jako je například autoimunitní onemocnění.. K typickým symptomům patří kašel, bolest na. Komunitní pneumonie. nejčastější typ pneumonií, až 90 %, získané v běžném prostředí mimo nemocniční zařízení; vznikla mimo nemocnici nebo byla diagnostikována do 48 hodin po přijetí (dítě bylo hospitalizováno již v inkubační době) Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) merupakan salah satu penyakit infeksi yang sering dijumpai pada orang dewasa. Sesuai dengan namanya, pneumonia komunitas, artinya bahwa infeksi yang didapat oleh penderita terjadi saat penderita di komunitas atau di luar rumah sakit Antibiotická léčba komunitní pneumonie je převážně vedena empiricky a vzahraničních konsensech není vždy názorová shoda na antibiotika první volby. Hlavní rozdíly mezi současnými konsensy amerických a evroých zemí vyplývají ztradic, ale i zvýskytu různých patogenů srůznou citlivostí kantibiotikům

Komunitní pneumonie - základy diagnostiky a léčby

Key words: community acquired pneumonia, antibiotic therapy. MUDr. Viktor Kašák LERYMED spol. s r.o., Oddělení respiračních nemocí, Antala Staška 1670/80, 140 02 Praha 4, e-mail: kasak@lerymed.cz Tabulka 1. Terminologie pneumonií Český název Anglický název Anglická zkratka Komunitní pneumonie Community acquired pneumonia CA Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The clinical presentation of CAP varies, ranging from mild pneumonia characterized by fever and productive cough to severe pneumonia characterized by respiratory distress and sepsis KOMUNITNÍ PNEUMONIE: přes 90%, způsobeny z okolí, nejčastějšími patogeny zpravidla jsou dobře citlivé na ATB (ambulantní léčba) s. pneumoniae m. pneumoniae c. pneumoniae h. influenzae listeria pneumophilla s. aureus p. aeruginosa (častá u cystické fibrózy). Komunitní pneumonie je akutní infekce plicních alveolů, respiračních bronchiolů a intersticia, která je získána v běžném prostředí (komunitě). Celosvětově se jedná o jednu z nejčastějších infekčních chorob

Definice komunitní infekce: Vznik mimo nemocnici nebo do 48hodin po přijetí Pacient nebyl v posledních 14 dnech hospitalizován nebo umístěn v ústavu sociální péče Nejčastější komunitní infekce: pneumonie, uroinfekce, meningitida, intraabdominální infekce Méně časté: fascitida, mediastinitida, endokarditida, encefalitida Komunitní pneumonie Autor: Chmela David Komunitní pneumonie je akutní infekce plic, která je získaná v běžném prostředí (komunitě). Výskyt Incidence, to je počet nových případů, se pohybuje mezi 5-11 případy na 1000 obyvatel za rok Zajímavý je tradičně německý pohled na patogeny komunitní pneumonie. Podíl pneumokoků není uveden, ale je podepřen tvrzením, že jsou nejčastější příčinou, dále se předpokládá 5-10% podíl virů. Nálezy atypických patogenů nejsou časté - mykoplasmata v 6,8 %, legionely v 3,4 % a chlamydie v 0,9 % Community-acquired pneumonia. This is a fancy way of saying you got infected somewhere other than a hospital or long-term care facility. Community-acquired pneumonia can be caused by bacteria. Komunitní pneumonie. Zaregistrovat se. Hlavní strana >Seznam kurz.

Community-acquired pneumonia is defined as pneumonia that is acquired outside the hospital. The most commonly identified pathogens are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, atypical bacteria (ie, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella species), and viruses Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) can be diagnosed clinically when there are signs of a lower respiratory tract infection and wheezing syndromes have been ruled out CXR is not required for routine diagnosis or management, unless severe or complicated pneumonia is suspecte People who have community-acquired pneumonia usually can be treated at home with medication. Although most symptoms ease in a few days or weeks, the feeling of tiredness can persist for a month or more. Specific treatments depend on the type and severity of your pneumonia, your age and your overall health Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world, with an annual incidence ranking from 1.6 to 10.6 per 1.000 people in Europe. The incidence is age related, peaking over 65 years This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for community-acquired pneumonia. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. During the COVID-19 pandemic: for children and young people, follow the recommendations in this guidelin

PPT - Antibiotika a komunitní infekce PowerPoint

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in adults. CAP is defined as an infection of the lung parenchyma that is not acquired in a hospital, long-term. Pneumonia is a general term in widespread use, defined as infection within the lung. It is due to material, usually purulent, filling the alveoli. Terminology Pneumonia is in contrast to pneumonitis, which is inflammation of the pulmonary inter.. Pneumonia is the infection and inflammation of air sacs in your lungs. These air sacs, called alveoli, can fill with fluid or pus, causing a serious cough and fever. Learn more about pneumonia at. The PSI/PORT Score: Pneumonia Severity Index for Adult CAP estimates mortality for adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia. This is an unprecedented time. It is the dedication of healthcare workers that will lead us through this crisis. Thank you for everything you do The CURB-65 Severity Score estimates mortality of community-acquired pneumonia to help determine inpatient vs. outpatient treatment. This is an unprecedented time. It is the dedication of healthcare workers that will lead us through this crisis

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Severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a frequent reason for admission to hospital. It is the most common cause of septic shock requiring escalation to treatment within an intensive care unit (ICU). Despite earlier recognition and recent advances in supportive care, severe CAP is still associated with substantial morbidity and. Since then, much has changed. This guideline focuses on adults with community vs hospital-acquired pneumonia who have not traveled and who have a normal immune response. This is an epic guideline and, as such, is a pretty long post. It answers these 16 key questions. Let's get you up to speed. Pneumonia guidelines leave me breathles

Frankly, this is in a state of disarray. Historically, patients admitted with pneumonia were divided into two groups: Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) = patients without significant healthcare contact; Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia (HCAP) = patients with exposure to healthcare (e.g. chronic dialysis, recent hospitalization); The definition of HCAP was based on expert opinion rather than. Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Although pneumonia caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a prominent feature of COVID-19, clinicians must consider whether treatment for additional potential causes of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is appropriate Léčba komunitní pneumonie . Diagnostika pneumonie spolehlivě pomáhá radiografické vyšetření. Obrázek jasně ukazuje ztmavlé infikované oblasti plic. Princip léčby komunitní pneumonie, ať už jde o polysegmentální bilaterální nebo pravostranný dolní lalok své formy, je zničit infekci, která způsobila onemocnění

Community-acquired pneumonia is defined as pneumonia that is acquired outside the hospital. The most commonly identified pathogens are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, atypical bacteria (ie, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella species), and viruses. Symptoms and signs are fever, cough, sputum production, pleuritic chest pain, dyspnea, tachypnea, and. Abstract. Background: This document provides evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Methods: A multidisciplinary panel conducted pragmatic systematic reviews of the relevant research and applied Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology for clinical recommendations Summary. Pneumonia is a respiratory infection characterized by inflammation of the alveolar space and/or the interstitial tissue of the lungs.In industrialized nations, it is the leading infectious cause of death. Pneumonia is most commonly transmitted via aspiration of airborne pathogens (primarily bacteria, but also viruses and fungi) but may also result from the aspiration of stomach contents The last American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America [ATS/IDSA] guidelines on community acquired pneumonia [CAP] were published in 2007; it seems hard to remember the world at that time - free from the tweeting of medical information, free from the tweeting of world leaders. Is 2019 better for everyone Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined as pneumonia acquired outside hospital or healthcare facilities. Clinical diagnosis is based on a group of signs and symptoms related to lower respiratory tract infection with presence of fever >38ºC (>100ºF), cough, mucopurulent sputum, pleuritic chest pain, dyspnoea, and new focal chest signs on examination such as crackles or bronchial breathing

Die ambulant erworbene Pneumonie ( engl. community-acquired pneumonia ( CAP )) bezeichnet solche Lungenentzündungen, deren auslösende Erreger außerhalb des Krankenhauses aufgenommen wurden. Die angewandte Klassifikation teilt Lungenentzündungen nach klinisch praktischen Gesichtspunkten ein Community-acquired pneumonia is the seventh leading cause of death overall and the most common cause of death from infectious diseases in the United States. In 2006 about 1.2 million US patients were hospitalized for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. 37 The majority of pneumonia occurs in adults 65 years or older,. community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) guideline (1), there have been changes in the process for guideline development, as well as generation of new clinical data. ATS and IDSA agreed on moving from the narrative style of previous documents to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) format. We thus developed.

Background: This document provides evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Methods: A multidisciplinary panel conducted pragmatic systematic reviews of the relevant research and applied Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology for clinical recommendations Community-acquired pneumonia causes great mortality and morbidity and high costs worldwide. Empirical selection of antibiotic treatment is the cornerstone of management of patients with pneumonia. To reduce the misuse of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, and side-effects, an empirical, effective, and individualised antibiotic treatment is needed

Biomarkers in community-acquired pneumonia Expert Rev Respir Med. 2012 Apr;6(2):203-14. doi: 10.1586/ers.12.6. Authors Stefan Krüger 1 , Tobias Welte. Affiliation 1 Medical Clinic I, University Clinic RWTH Aachen, Germany. PMID: 22455492 DOI: 10. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung primarily affecting the small air sacs known as alveoli. Symptoms typically include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing. The severity of the condition is variable. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria, and less commonly by other microorganisms Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Diagnosis and Treatment of Adults with Community-acquired Pneumonia. An Official Clinical Practice Guideline. external icon The Infectious Diseases Society of America and American Thoracic Society developed these consensus guidelines. The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age pdf icon [52 pages] external icon. For recommendations on managing people with community-acquired pneumonia during the COVID-19 pandemic, see the Scenario: COVID-19 Management. Refer adults with community-acquired pneumonia to hospital (use clinical judgement to determine urgency) if: Symptoms and signs suggest a more serious illness or condition (for example cardiorespiratory failure or sepsis), o The estimated cost of treating community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the United States is $12.2 billion a year; Risk factors for CAP include antibiotic treatment, chronic steroid use, and malnutrition. Diagnostic tools aid in determining whether CAP treatment can be provided in the outpatient setting or if hospitalization is required

Community-acquired pneumonia significantly contributes to patient morbidity and healthcare costs. As our understanding of this common infection grows, collaborative efforts among researchers and clinical societies provide new literature and updated guidelines informing its management. This review discusses diagnostic methods, empiric treatment, and infection prevention strategies for patients. Australian Community Acquired Pneumonia Study -> looked at variable predicting the requirement for intensive respiratory or vasoactive support initially 882 prospective episodes looked at -> points based severity tool designed -> validated in 7464 patient

Incidence: 9.2 to 33 per 1000 person-years in U.S.; Adult mortality: 60,000 deaths per year from Pneumonia or Influenza (8th leading cause of death); Most severe cases in very young and very old; U.S. cost/year for Community Acquired Pneumonia: $10-17 billion (90% of cost is inpatient care Longontsteking of pneumonie is een ontsteking van de longblaasjes (alveoli) en het omringende weefsel, vaak veroorzaakt door een infectie.Indien beide longen zijn ontstoken is er sprake van een dubbele of bilaterale longontsteking. Mits tijdig herkend kan een bacteriële longontsteking behandeld worden met een antibioticum.Wanneer de ziekte niet tijdig behandeld wordt, kunnen de longblaasjes. Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: 2016 Guideline Update From The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) and Dutch Association of Chest Physicians (NVALT). (www.swab.nl) Geef feedback. Indien u vragen of opmerkingen heeft over de inhoud van deze pagina kunt u hier feedback geven aan de redactie van Het Acute Boekje What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by a variety of different pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and myc.. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a lung infection that you get from being around other people in the community. Your lungs become inflamed and do not work well. CAP may be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi (yeasts). The germs are easily spread from an infected person to others by coughing, sneezing, or close contact

Pneumonia : More than 3 million cases of pneumonia occur annually in the United States. Defined as an infection of the lung, pneumonia can be bacterial, viral, of fungal in origin. The infection. Hypostatická pneumonie je zápal plic.Je častou příčinou smrti imobilních pacientů vyššího věku, případně kuřáků. Právě u pacientů upoutaných dlouhodobě na lůžko dochází k hromadění krve a hlenu v zádových partiích plic.V tomto prostředí se pak daří například stafylokokům.. Referenc Mild pneumonia can usually be treated at home with rest, antibiotics (if it's likely be caused by a bacterial infection) and by drinking plenty of fluids. More severe cases may need hospital treatment. Unless a healthcare professional tells you otherwise, you should always finish taking a prescribed course of antibiotics, even if you feel better Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of hospitalization and death worldwide. 1-3 Most guidelines recommend that antibiotic treatment be based on the severity of disease at.

Antibiotická léčba komunitní pneumonie za hospitalizace - pohled pneumologa. Studia Pneumologica et Phthiseologica, Česká pneumologická a ftizeologická spol: TRIOS, 2003, roč. 63, č. 5, s. 168-174. ISSN 1213-810X. Další formáty: BibTeX LaTeX RIS } Základní údaje. Knowledge of pathogens causing community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) constitutes the basis for selection of empirical antimicrobial treatment, which has a substantial impact on the prognosis of the patient [1, 2].Despite the development of improved microbiological methods during the past few years, the etiology of CAP has still not been well characterized [] Community-acquired pneumonia is a commonly diagnosed illness in which no causative organism is identified in half the cases. Application of molecular diagnostic techniques has the potential to lead..

PPT - Lékařská mikrobiologie pro ZDRL PowerPoint

Definice v angličtině: Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Ostatní významy CAP Kromě Společenství pneumonie má CAP jiné významy. Jsou uvedeny na levé straně. Přejděte dolů a klepnutím na tlačítko je prohlédněte. Pro všechny významy CAP klepněte na více . Pokud navštěvujete naši anglickou verzi a chcete zobrazit definice. Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) is the risk stratification tool of choice for community acquired pneumonia PSI is more sensitive than SMART-COP and much more sensitive than CURB-65 for determining which patients will require ICU admission, while offering equal sensitivity for mortality for CAP overall SKŘIČKOVÁ, Jana, Anna HRAZDIROVÁ, Ilona BINKOVÁ a Jana JANČÍKOVÁ. Léčba komunitní pneumonie za hospitalizace. In XII.Moravskoslezské dny 24.10.-25.10. In 2015, community acquired pneumonia (CAP) accounted for 15% of deaths in children under 5 years old globally and 922 000 deaths globally in children of all ages.1 It is defined as a clinical diagnosis of pneumonia caused by a community acquired infection in a previously healthy child.2 Clinical assessment can be challenging; symptoms vary with age and can be non-specific in young children.

Antibiotická léčba komunitní pneumonie - Zdraví

Definice v angličtině: Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Ostatní významy CAPACITY Kromě Společenství pneumonie má CAPACITY jiné významy. Jsou uvedeny na levé straně. Přejděte dolů a klepnutím na tlačítko je prohlédněte. Pro všechny významy CAPACITY klepněte na více . Pokud navštěvujete naši anglickou verzi a chcete. The incidence of community-acquired pneumonia in children is estimated to be around 55.9 per 1,000 in children younger than 5 years of age. In another recent Canadian epidemiological study, 41,000 children were diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia annually; therefore, community-acquired pneumonia in children is a common condition that. Pneumonia can be acquired in the community, in hospital or as a result of impaired swallowing and aspiration. Many of the features are common to all three, but this leaflet refers specifically to pneumonia acquired in the community (CAP). Pneumonia can be diagnosed by a What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection of the lung tissue This bacteria is known as community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), and it can cause severe pneumonia, primarily in young adults. Since the year 2000, the number of cases of community-acquired pneumonia caused by S. aureus has increased, but the infection is still uncommon Community Acquired Pneumonia. Prediction Rules. Fine MJ, Auble TE, Yealy DM et al. A prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia. N Engl J Med 1997; 336:243-50. This oft-cited prediction rule, the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI), incorporates patient demographics, co-morbidities, vitals, labs, and chest film.

Pneumonie uLékaře

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the lung parenchyma acquired outside of the hospital or less than 48 hours after hospital admission. CAP is classified into typical and atypical subtypes, differentiated by their presentation and causative pathogens. This illustration focuses on the classic features of typical CAP Community-acquired pneumonia remains the leading cause of hospitalisation for infectious disease in Europe, and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This issue of the European Respiratory Monograph brings together leading experts in pulmonology, infectious diseases and critical care from around the world to present the most recent advances in the management of community-acquired pneumonia Between 1.2% and 10% of adults admitted to hospital with community-acquired pneumonia are managed in an intensive care unit, and for these patients the risk of dying is more than 30%. More than half of pneumonia-related deaths occur in people older than 84 years Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), as the name implies, is a respiratory infection of the lung that develops outside of the hospital or health care environment. It is more common than hospital-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Pneumonia was considered to be of community-onset if it developed in the community or within 48 h after hospital admission [17, 18]. Neutropenia was defined as an absolute neutrophil count < 500 cells/mm 3 or an absolute neutrophil count expected to decrease to < 500 cells/mm 3 during the next 48 h [ 2 ] As a result, many infants died. Serious bacterial infection is a leading cause of newborn mortality worldwide, contributing to an estimated one in five deaths in the first month of life. In Malawi, approximately 12 000 (46%) of an estimated 26 000 under 5 deaths in 2019 occurred in the first 28 days of life IMPORTANT: Some symptoms of pneumonia, such as dry cough and fever, are similar to the symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19).Use the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Symptom Checker to find out if you need to seek medical help.. If you have severe difficulty breathing, call triple zero (000) immediately and tell the call handler and the paramedics on arrival about your recent travel history and any close. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), or nosocomial pneumonia, is a lower respiratory infection that was not incubating at the time of hospital admission and that presents clinically 2 or more days after hospitalization. Pneumonia that presents sooner should be regarded as community-acquired pneumonia. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is.

Community-acquired pneumonia remains the leading cause of hospitalisation for infectious disease in Europe, and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This issue of the European Respiratory Monograph brings together leading experts in pulmonology, infectious diseases and critical care from around the world to present the most recent advances. Community- Acquired Pneumonia 1. CLINICAL PRACTICE CommunityAcquired Pneumonia NEJM 2014;370:543-51. 2. 67 y/o woman with mild Alzheimer's disease who has a 2-day history of productive cough, fever, and increased confusion is transferred from a nursing home to the ED

Guidelines Pneumologi

Pneumococcal disease has a high burden in adults in the United Kingdom (UK); however, the total burden is underestimated, principally because most cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are non-invasive. Research into pneumonia receives poor funding relative to its disease burden (global mortality, disability-adjusted life years, and years lived with disability), ranking just 20 out of 25. Evidenced-based guidelines for management of infants and children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were prepared by an expert panel comprising clinicians and investigators representing community pediatrics, public health, and the pediatric specialties of critical care, emergency medicine, hospital medicine, infectious diseases, pulmonology, and surgery

Pracovní neschopnost operace srdce články a radyJak poznat zápal plic? - Tajemství zdraví

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined as an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in a patient who has acquired the infection in the community, as distinguished from hospital-acquired (nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP). CAP is a common and potentially serious illness . It is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The setting where pneumonia was acquired will determine the likely cause of the pneumonia, how to best prevent the spread of the infection, and guide the appropriate treatment. Community-acquired pneumonia—when a person becomes infected during daily activities outside the healthcare settin Community-Acquired Pneumonia. CAP occurs either in the community setting or within the first 48 hours after hospitalization. The causative agents for CAP that needs hospitalization include streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenza, Legionella, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Only in 50% of the cases does the specific etiologic agent become identified Dr. Guardiola is an Associate Professor at the University of Louisville and the Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at the Louisville VA hospital.. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases, as well as a major cause of death both in developed and developing countries, and it remains a challenge for physicians around the world. Several guidelines have been published to guide clinicians in how to diagnose and take care of patients with CAP

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